Blog Professional painting guide Jun 15, 2023

Painting is not just about slapping some color onto a wall or a canvas. It is an art form that requires practice, skill, and understanding of the tools and techniques involved. Whether you are a professional painter or a DIY enthusiast, having a guide that helps you navigate through the process can make a big difference in the result you achieve. In this professional painting guide, we will cover everything you need to know to achieve a professional finish, from choosing the right paint to application techniques, and more.

Choosing the Right Paint

The first thing to consider when painting is the type of paint to use. Paint comes in a wide variety of types, including water-based (latex), oil-based, and shellac-based. Water-based paints are the most popular and easiest to use, as they dry quickly, have low odor, and are easy to clean up with water. Oil-based paints, on the other hand, take longer to dry, and require solvents for clean up. They are popular for use on surfaces that require a durable, glossy finish, such as trim or furniture. Shellac-based paints are less common but provide excellent adhesion and stain-blocking properties. They are used primarily on interior surfaces that require sealing, such as bare wood or drywall.

In addition to the type of paint, you will need to choose the finish. Paint finishes range from flat, which has no shine and is good for hiding imperfections, to gloss, which is highly reflective and durable. Satin and eggshell finishes fall in between, offering a slight sheen while still hiding imperfections.

Preparing the Surface

Before applying any paint, the surface you will be painting must be properly prepared. This includes cleaning the surface to remove any dirt, dust, or debris, as well as repairing any holes or cracks in the wall or woodwork. A smooth, even surface will result in a smoother, more even coat of paint. Any areas that will not be painted, such as trim or windows, should be taped off with painter's tape to prevent any accidental paint splatters.

Painting Techniques

Once the surface is prepared, it's time to start painting. The first step is to cut in around the edges of the surface with a brush, creating a border that will be easier to fill in with a roller. The best technique for cutting in is to use the brush to create a straight line along the edge of the surface, then fill in the remaining area with the roller.

When it comes to using a roller, there are a few key things to keep in mind. First, choose the right size roller for the job. A small roller is good for tight spaces or corners, while a larger roller is better for larger surfaces like walls or ceilings. When applying the paint, use long, smooth strokes to create an even coat. Avoid pressing too hard on the roller, as this can create a textured or uneven finish.

Painting Furniture and Cabinets

Applying paint to furniture and cabinets requires a different technique than painting walls. Begin by thoroughly cleaning the surface to remove any grease or dirt. Sand the surface with fine-grit sandpaper to create a surface that will hold the paint, then apply a coat of primer. After the primer has dried, use a low map roller or sprayer to apply a coat of paint, following the grain of the wood. Allow each coat to dry thoroughly before applying the next, and use a light, fine-grit sandpaper to lightly sand between coats for a smoother finish.


Painting can be a time-consuming and intimidating process, but with the right tools and techniques, it can be a fun and rewarding experience. The key to achieving a professional finish is to choose the right paint and finish, properly prepare the surface, and use the right technique for the job. With these tips and tricks, you’ll be able to achieve a high-quality finish that will last for years to come.

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